R O Q U O I S
United States (2010) -
Map #1 - "Fort Ancient"
is the archaeologic name for this tribe which existed from 1000
AD to the mid- 1700's.
Map #2 - The earliest explorers,
such as Samuel de Champlain, did not meet the Fort Ancient. Rather
he learned of the their existence from the Huron, who called
the Fort Ancient people, Attiouandaron....which means "people
who speak almost the same language". The Huron also called
the Chonnonton (in southern Ontario)
Attiouandaron. From this, we can deduce that the Fort Ancient
people were Iroquois, but that Attiouandaron was not their tribal
Map #3 - Half a century later,
the name "Tionontatecaga" filtered to the outside world.
This name is almost the same as the Ontario Iroquois Petun name,
Tionontate, and thence is a star candidate for the true name
of this tribe.
Map #4 - This map indicates
that the Tionontatecaga were living caves to keep themselves
warm. This indicates a refugee situation.