Southeast British Columbia and northwest Montana
KOOTENAI - KOOTENAY
- KUTENAI - CATTANAHOWE - SKALIS
T U N A X A N
One band of Ktunaxa,
the Tunaxa, resided on the Plains. However, due to the devastating
effects of the smallpox epidemic of 1781, stragglers were forced
to retreat into the Rockies and live amongst other Ktunaxa Bands.
The Kootenay Plains,
west of current Rocky Mountain House, were named as such because
the Ktunaxa First Nation would assemble there annually to trade
with fur traders at Acton House, the uppermost Saskatchewan River
Northwest Company post. Fidler indicated that Howse Pass, one
of two roots to get there, was the Ktunaxa's northernmost track
across the Rockies.
United States (2010) - 2,700
Canada (2018) - 1,100
AKISQNUK BAND: Resulted from the merging of the Qatmukinik (Toby
Creek) and (Ka Intak) Whiteswan Lake Bands.
GALISA BAND: No longer exists
but was located around Nelson, British Columbia
LIBBY BAND: No longer exists
but was located around Libby, Montana
PRAIRE BAND: No longer exists
but was located from Sparwood eastwards.
FEMEUR BAND: No longer exists
but was located around Jennings, Montana.
AQUKUA ISUKINIK BAND: Destroyed
by smallpox, it had been located around Tweed, Montana, which
is really far south!