KTUNAXA

KOOTENAI - KOOTENAY - KUTENAI - CATTANAHOWE - SKALIS

 

Ktunaxa Territory: Southeast British Columbia and northwest Montana

 

Portals
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Ktunaxa Nation
Cranbrook, British Columbia

 

 

LOWER KTUNAXA / SILAQUILOSQUI DIVISION:

 

Kootenai Tribe of Idaho / Bonner's Ferry Band / 'A*kaqlahalxu Band
Bonner's Ferry, Idaho

 

Yaqan Nukiy / Lower Kootenay Band
Creston, British Columbia

 

 

UPPER KTUNAXA / CALLESAUILK DIVISION:

 

Akisqnuk / Columbia Lake First Nation
Windermere, British Columbia

 

?Aq'am / St. Mary's Band
Cranbrook, British Columbia

 

Ksanka / Standing Arrow Tribe / Elmo Montana Band / Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes.
Pablo, Montana

 

Shuswap / Kenpesq't / Kinbasket Band : part of whose membership is Ktunaxa
Invermere, British Columbia

 

Tobacco Plains / Akan'kunik Band
Grasmere, British Columbia

Ktunaxa Population
United States (2010) - 2,700
Canada (2018) - 1,100

K T U N A X A N

 

 

COMMENTS

 

One band of Ktunaxa, the Tunaxa, resided on the Plains. However, due to the devastating effects of the smallpox epidemic of 1781, stragglers were forced to retreat into the Rockies and live amongst other Ktunaxa Bands.

 

The Kootenay Plains, west of current Rocky Mountain House, were named as such because the Ktunaxa First Nation would assemble there annually to trade with fur traders at Acton House, the uppermost Saskatchewan River Northwest Company post. Fidler indicated that Howse Pass, one of two roots to get there, was the Ktunaxa's northernmost track across the Rockies.


AKISQNUK BAND: Resulted from the merging of the Qatmukinik (Toby Creek) and (Ka Intak) Whiteswan Lake Bands.

GALISA BAND: No longer exists but was located around Nelson, British Columbia

LIBBY BAND: No longer exists but was located around Libby, Montana

PRAIRE BAND: No longer exists but was located from Sparwood eastwards.

FEMEUR BAND: No longer exists but was located around Jennings, Montana.

AQUKUA ISUKINIK BAND: Destroyed by smallpox, it had been located around Tweed, Montana, which is really far south!